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Jewish Biographies: Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients

The Presidential Medal of Freedom is the highest civilian award of the United States and recognizes individuals who have made "especially meritorious contributions to the security or national interests of the United States, to world peace, or to cultural or other significant public or private endeavors."
The Medal of Freedom has been awarded to hundreds of individuals over the decades. At least 37 of them have been Jewish.

The Arts

Irving Berlin
Aaron Copland
Kirk Douglas
Ariel Durant
Bob Dylan
Samuel Goldwyn
Vladimir Horowitz
Danny Kaye
Arthur Rubinstein
Isaac Stern

Lew Wasserman
Gerda Weissmann Klein

Science & Medicine

Bob Kahn
Joshua Lederberg
Arnall Patz
Albert Sabin

Sources: White House, Tablet Magazine (October 2, 2013), Wikipedia.